Noticias de interés
SPEECH BY THE PRESIDENT OF SOMALIA TO THE CONTACT GROUP FOR PIRACY OFF THE COAST OF SOMALIA – 1st MAY 2013, NEW YORK
Fecha de la noticias: 02/05/2013 • Publicada: 02/05/2013
Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen, I
am honoured to be with you via VTC and to address you on Contact Group on Piracy
off the Coast of Somalia. We are determined to further strengthen our friendship
with the International Community.
I wish to thank Ms Donna Hopkins,
your Chairman, for inviting me to address you on this occasion. I would have
liked to attend this meeting but due to the preparation for the upcoming London
Conference my attendance was impossible.
As you know, Somalia’s assets
include maritime living and non-living resources such as fish, and oil and gas.
Somalia has been conservatively estimated to be capable of providing sustainable
annual catches of 200,000 tons of fish. Our recovery as a State will depend to a
great degree on how we protect this from exploitation by others. By utilizing
this revenue we will be able to rebuild our country.
Under the Kampala Process, the
Federal Government of Somalia has begun to lay down the National Maritime
Strategy and based on this, we hope to provide the framework for the capacity
building programmes that will allow us to develop and fully exploit these
We now have a mechanism that points the way forward on
technical issues where we co-operate outside politics for the greater good of
the people that we serve.
The Security Council and the International Community have
recently been urging Somalia to clarify our maritime zones in relation to the
UNCLOS Treaty that we signed in 1982.
I am happy to announce that we have an existing 1988 Law
that puts us fully in compliance with the UNCLOS Treaty we signed in 1982 and
was ratified by the former Somali Government in February 1989. We have now done
this again through the Kampala Process. Now Somalia is in the process of
clarifying its maritime zones.
This law gives legal effect to a 12nm territorial sea, a
24nm contiguous zone and a 200nm Exclusive Economic Zone. We will shortly submit
this clarification to the UNSG through our Permanent Mission in New York. We are
aware that we must also table with some coordinates, our Exclusive Economic Zone
I put the world on notice that the time for exploiting
Somali waters is over. Illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing, dumping
toxic waste in our waters and using our maritime areas for other criminal
activities must stop.
Illegal fishing trawlers have been using prohibited fishing
equipment like drag nets, traps and trawler nets to fish for an array of seafood
found in Somali waters such as tuna, sardines, mackerel, lobsters and
Only in 2005, the FAO report estimated that 700 foreign
flagged trawlers were engaged in and around Somali waters. In 2002 alone, the
University of British Columbia estimated that 30,000 tons of fish were taken
from Somali waters by vessels with foreign flags.
I expect the international community to immediately respect
our waters, and respect the fact that they have a legal and moral responsibility
to make sure those foreign vessels stop illegal fishing and dumping waste in our
I also expect the international Naval Forces that are
currently fighting pirates to assist us in patrolling our EEZ and reinforcing
our Marine Security Units safeguarding our marine resources, until we have the
capacity to do so by ourselves.
The strategy we are now developing requires capacity
building across Somalia to develop our governance structures, ports, human
resources and the safety and security of our maritime domain. This will require
a significant investment.
Since we lack the expertise to do this on our own, we
welcome the international community to support us in this endeavour. However,
this must be on our own terms and in a Somali led process. We recommend that the
many donors and organisations coordinate their activity with our Federal
In addition, we recognize that maritime resource management
and security is the responsibility of the Somali Federal Government. To that
end, we will appoint an entity such as a Somali Maritime Agency. Therefore, the
international community can have an initial institution contact that will
faithfully represent all our Government needs and requirements for that
As the Somali Government has clarified our maritime zones
20 years ago, we need an effective Coast Guard to police our shores and
territorial waters, whilst using modern technology and existing naval forces to
police our licensed fishing activity.
We do, however, need to develop our own capacity to police
all of our sovereign marine space.
I would further like to stress that we are willing to
discourage those who are engaged in piracy and other illegal activities along
our shores. We are also willing to offer a viable alternative to our coastal and
port areas by re-establishing our traditional industries and exports so as to
make our fishing fleets viable. Our ports, their infrastructure and management
systems need a major overhaul and the control of corruption in order to become
Somalia has significant oil and gas resources which over
the coming years need to be explored, developed and exploited.
I commend the Contact Group on Piracy off the Coast of
Somalia and its 5 working groups. I also encourage them to come up with a
sustainable way to safeguard our marine resources and the safety of
international vessels. Similarly, I recommend you to have the right Somali
representation on all your Working Groups and to stress and involve Somali
The Federal Government of Somalia is blessed with more than
3000 km of coastline. There are abundant resources within and below our waters.
These resources belong to the Somali People and will contribute to our national
recovery and sustained prosperity.
The maritime strategy we have developed will lay out on how
we intend to provide security for our resources to protect them for the
prosperity of our future generations. We are grateful to the international
community and ask for your continued devoted assistance with this courageous
In conclusion, I would like to take this opportunity to
thank you for giving me the opportunity to address you on piracy in our
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